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Nama aku Aisyah. Aku mempunyai pelbagai karakter. Menjaga hati orang bukan kepandaian aku. So, don't say I didn't warned you if you get hurt by my words. Hi ! Really pleasure to know you ;)

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Schizophrenia paranoid ??


Salam ...

Today i gonna share about Schizophrenia paranoid ... y ?? well .. just now i read today news paper ... KOSMO ... if u remember about a guy Rasidi Ismail that murdered his family ( father ,sister ,grandfather n his grandmother ) with horror on the 5th january 2010 ...

1. he kill his father , Ismail Awang; 76 years old , cut his father head and brought the head to selangor n found the head was buried at islamic burial site ,shah alam , selangor .

2. murder his sister , Siti Khadijah; 22 years old , police found there are 9 knife at her chest .

3. his grandfather , atan daud; 87 years old , n his grandmother , sufiah katas; 80 years old were murdered with their hand is broke right n left ..

the expert said that Rasidi is sick in mentality ... the sickness is called SCHIZOPHRENIA PARANOID ...

So , what is Schizophrenia paranoid ??

Schizophrenia paranoid come from the word Schizophrenia .. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of the process of thinking and of emotional responsiveness .. It most commonly manifests as auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, ordisorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction .. The onset of symptoms typically occurs in young adulthood with a global lifetime prevalence of around 1.5% .. Diagnosis is based on the patient's self-reported experiences and observed behavior..


Schizophrenia has increasingly been recognized as a collection of neurodevelopmental disorders that involve alterations in brain circuits. Genetics, early environment, neurobiology, psychological and social processes appear to be important contributory factors; some recreational and prescription drugs appear to cause or worsen symptoms. Current psychiatric research is focused on the role of neurobiology, but this inquiry has not isolated a single organic cause. As a result of the many possible combinations of symptoms, there is debate about whether the diagnosis represents a single disorder or a number of discrete syndromes. Despite the etymology of the term from the Greek roots skhizein (σχίζειν, "to split") and phrēn, phren-(φρήν, φρεν-; "mind"), schizophrenia does not imply a "split mind" and it is not the same asdissociative identity disorder—also known as "multiple personality disorder" or "split personality"—a condition with which it is often confused in public perception.




Unusually high dopamine activity in the mesolimbic pathway of the brain has been found in people with schizophrenia. The mainstay of treatment is antipsychotic medication; this type of drug primarily works by suppressing dopamine activity. Dosages of antipsychotics are generally lower than in the early decades of their use . Psychotherapy, and vocational and social rehabilitation, are also important. In more serious cases—where there is risk to self and others—involuntary hospitalization may be necessary, although hospital stays are shorter and less frequent than they were in previous times.

The disorder is thought mainly to affect cognition, but it also usually contributes to chronic problems with behavior and emotion. People with schizophrenia are likely to have additional (comorbid) conditions, including major depression and anxiety disorders; the lifetime occurrence of substance abuse is around 40%. Social problems, such as long-term unemployment, poverty and homelessness, are common. Furthermore, the average life expectancy of people with the disorder is 10 to 12 years less than those without, due to increased physical health problems and a higher suicide rate (about 5%).

Schizophrenia has increasingly gained attention among the general public and the scientific community. Indeed, the November 11, 2010 issue of Nature was devoted to the theme of schizophrenia.

Symptoms

1. hallucinations

(most commonly hearing voices)

2. delusions

(often bizarre orpersecutory in nature)

3. disorganized thinking and speech.

4. paranoia

5. social isolation


>> This symptoms were divide into two that is positive and negative

POSITIVE SYMPTOMS : include delusions, auditory hallucinations, and thought disorder, and are typically regarded as manifestations of psychosis.

NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS : Things that are not present in schizophrenic persons but are normally found in healthy persons, that is, symptoms that reflect the loss or absence of normal traits or abilities.

Ø Common negative symptoms include flat or blunted affect and emotion, poverty of speech (alogia), inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), lack of desire to form relationships (asociality), and lack of motivation (avolition). Research suggests that negative symptoms contribute more to poor quality of life, functional disability, and the burden on others than do positive symptoms.

*This sickness usually occur on end of teen or early age 20’s

*REMEMBER !

Early symptoms is that the person is always in the position of confused or suprise and chage attitude followed by hearing someone is whispering or believe that someone can control or read their mind and think that people is trying to hurt them ..

>> so , that all for today ..

:)

:: all about life ::


The End